The Role of Independent Commissions in Times of Crisis 2019
In this edition of the NPRC Watch, we are expanding the scope of the discussion to look at not only the National Peace and Reconciliation Commission (NPRC), but all independent commissions that are established to support democracy and entrench human rights through Chapter 12 of the Constitution.
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NPRC WATCH 4th Edition 2018
Welcome to the 4th Issue of the NPRC Watch.
A lot has happened since the last issue of the NPRC Watch. The long awaited NPRC is now in operation. The Commission has started. Consultation meetings have been held around the country. A National Convergence and Validation Conference has been held in Harare.
Download the 4th Edition here
NPRC Act [Chapter 10:32]
On 5 January 2018, the government gazetted the NPRC Act [Chapter 10:32] to put the National Peace and Reconciliation Commission into operation. The Act, among other things empowers the NPRC to carry out investigations into any dispute or conflict within the mandate set out in the Constitution of Zimbabwe.
Download the Act here
Listen to the analysis on the NPRC Act here
The National Peace and Reconciliation Commission
The NPRC is one of the five independent commissions introduced by Chapter 12 of the Constitution. What is unique about the NPRC is that it is a temporary Commission with a lifetime limited to 10 years from 22 August 2013.
Functions of National Peace and Reconciliation Commission
The National Peace and Reconciliation Commission has the following functions:
- to ensure post-conflict justice, healing and reconciliation;
- to develop and implement programmes to promote national healing, unity and cohesion in Zimbabwe and the peaceful resolution of disputes;
- to bring about national reconciliation by encouraging people to tell the truth about the past and facilitating the making of amends and the provision of justice;
- to develop procedures and institutions at a national level to facilitate dialogue among political parties, communities, organisations and other groups, in order to prevent conflcts and disputes arising in the future;
- to develop programmes to ensure that persons subjected to persecution, torture and other forms of abuse receive rehabilitative treatment and support;
- to receive and consider complaints from the public and to take such action in regard to the complaints as it considers appropriate;
- to develop mechanisms for early detection of areas of potential conflicts and disputes, and to take appropriate preventative measures;
- to do anything incidental to the prevention of conflict and the promotion of peace;
- to conciliate and mediate disputes among communities, organisations, groups and individuals; and
- to recommend legislation to ensure that assistance, including documentation, is rendered to persons affected by conflicts, pandemics, or other circumstances.